Easy HTTP Mock Testing with Nock and node-tap

One of my first node.js libraries was nano: A no fuss CouchDB client based on the super pervasive request. In foresight that was a good idea, even though there's a ton of clients for CouchDB none of them is as simple as nano, and the fact that its based on request is great.

When you are writing a HTTP client you need to test with one (or several) HTTP endpoints. I was lazy about it so I choose to point nano to iriscouch and run the tests on real HTTP requests. This was a problematic but overall ok approach.

Then some weeks ago I started automating the tests using travis. And builds started to fail. To make this work and fix all the shortcomings of a direct connection to iriscouch. I needed a HTTP Mocking module.

By the way Travis is super cool. You should test all your node.js libraries with it. All you need to do is go to the site, sign in with github and place a .travis.yml file like this one in the root of your lib:

  language: "node_js"
  node_js
:
   
- 0.4
   
- 0.6

Enter Nock

Pedro Teixeira's nock allows you do HTTP Mock Testing while preserving the possibility to run the tests against a real http endpoint.

Let's start on this small tap test sudo npm install tap nano nock:

  var nano = require('nano')('http://nodejsbug.iriscouch.com') 
 
var test = require('tap').test;
 
var db   = nano.use('testing_nock');

  test
('Insert a Document Into CouchDB', function(t) {
    t
.plan(4);
    nano
.db.create('testing_nock', function () {
      db
.insert({foo: "bar"},
       
function ensure_insert_worked_cb(err, doc) {
          t
.notOk(err, 'No errors');
          t
.ok(doc.ok, 'Contains ok');
          t
.ok(doc.rev, 'Rev exists');
          t
.ok(doc.id, 'Id exists');
       
});
   
});
 
});

If we save this in a file test.js we can run the tests and see they all work. We can even invoke the script with debugging turned on and inspect the HTTP requests/response flow NANO_ENV=testing node test.js:

  { url: 'http://nodejsbug.iriscouch.com' }
 
>>
 
{ method: 'PUT',
    headers
:
     
{ 'content-type': 'application/json',
       accept
: 'application/json' },
    uri
: 'http://nodejsbug.iriscouch.com/testing_nock' }
 
<<
 
{ err: null,
    body
: { ok: true },
    headers
:
     
{ location: 'http://nodejsbug.iriscouch.com/testing_nock',
       date
: 'Thu, 01 Dec 2011 16:42:21 GMT',
       
'content-type': 'application/json',
       
'cache-control': 'must-revalidate',
       
'status-code': 201 } }
 
>>
 
{ method: 'POST',
    headers
:
     
{ 'content-type': 'application/json',
       accept
: 'application/json' },
    uri
: 'http://nodejsbug.iriscouch.com/testing_nock',
    body
: '{"foo":"bar"}' }
 
<<
 
{ err: null,
    body
:
     
{ ok: true,
       id
: 'f191a858a66828d8de66b3c974005346',
       rev
: '1-4c6114c65e295552ab1019e2b046b10e' },
    headers
:
     
{ location: 'http://nodejsbug.iriscouch.com/testing_nock/f191a858a66828d8de66b3c974005346',
       date
: 'Thu, 01 Dec 2011 16:42:22 GMT',
       
'content-type': 'application/json',
       
'cache-control': 'must-revalidate',
       
'status-code': 201 } }
 
# Insert a Document Into CouchDB
  ok
1 No errors
  ok
2 Contains ok
  ok
3 Rev exists
  ok
4 Id exists

 
1..4
 
# tests 4
 
# pass  4

 
# ok

So nano gives you a way to actually see all the HTTP traffic that it creates and receives. This is great but I still need to write code to support these interactions.

With nock this is super simple:

  var nano = require('nano')('http://nodejsbug.iriscouch.com') 
 
var nock = require('nock'); // we require nock
 
var test = require('tap').test;
 
var db   = nano.use('testing_nock');

 
// tell nock to record the http interactions
  nock
.recorder.rec();

  test
('Insert a Document Into CouchDB', function(t) {
    t
.plan(4);
    nano
.db.create('testing_nock', function () {
      db
.insert({foo: "bar"},
       
function ensure_insert_worked_cb(err, doc) {
          t
.notOk(err, 'No errors');
          t
.ok(doc.ok, 'Contains ok');
          t
.ok(doc.rev, 'Rev exists');
          t
.ok(doc.id, 'Id exists');
       
});
   
});
 
});

Running the tests returns:

  $ node test.js 

 
<<<<<<-- cut here -->>>>>>

  nock
('nodejsbug.iriscouch.com')
   
.put('/testing_nock')
   
.reply(412, "{\"error\":\"file_exists\",\"reason\":\"The database could not be created, the file already exists.\"}\n", { server: 'CouchDB/1.1.1 (Erlang OTP/R14B04)',
    date
: 'Thu, 01 Dec 2011 17:43:30 GMT',
   
'content-type': 'application/json',
   
'content-length': '95',
   
'cache-control': 'must-revalidate' });

 
<<<<<<-- cut here -->>>>>>

 
<<<<<<-- cut here -->>>>>>

  nock
('nodejsbug.iriscouch.com')
   
.post('/testing_nock', "{\"foo\":\"bar\"}")
   
.reply(201, "{\"ok\":true,\"id\":\"8b787a6a1c2476ef9a2eed069e000ff0\",\"rev\":\"1-4c6114c65e295552ab1019e2b046b10e\"}\n", { server: 'CouchDB/1.1.1 (Erlang OTP/R14B04)',
    location
: 'http://nodejsbug.iriscouch.com/testing_nock/8b787a6a1c2476ef9a2eed069e000ff0',
    date
: 'Thu, 01 Dec 2011 17:43:31 GMT',
   
'content-type': 'application/json',
   
'content-length': '95',
   
'cache-control': 'must-revalidate' });

 
<<<<<<-- cut here -->>>>>>

 
# Insert a Document Into CouchDB
  ok
1 No errors
  ok
2 Contains ok
  ok
3 Rev exists
  ok
4 Id exists

 
1..4
 
# tests 4
 
# pass  4

 
# ok

So now all we need to do is add these nock http mocks and we are done:

  var nano = require('nano')('http://nodejsbug.iriscouch.com') 
 
var nock = require('nock'); // we require nock
 
var test = require('tap').test;
 
var db   = nano.use('testing_nock');

 
var couch = nock('nodejsbug.iriscouch.com')
   
.put('/testing_nock')
   
.reply( 412
     
, "{ \"error\":\"file_exists\""+
       
", \"reason\":\"The database could not be created, the file" +
       
" already exists.\"}\n"
     
, { server: 'CouchDB/1.1.1 (Erlang OTP/R14B04)'
     
, date: 'Thu, 01 Dec 2011 17:43:30 GMT'
     
, 'content-type': 'application/json'
     
, 'content-length': '95'
     
, 'cache-control': 'must-revalidate' })
   
.post('/testing_nock', "{\"foo\":\"bar\"}")
   
.reply(201
     
, "{ \"ok\":true" +
       
", \"id\":\"8b787a6a1c2476ef9a2eed069e000ff0\"" +
       
", \"rev\":\"1-4c6114c65e295552ab1019e2b046b10e\"}\n"
     
, { server: 'CouchDB/1.1.1 (Erlang OTP/R14B04)'
     
, location: 'http://nodejsbug.iriscouch.com/testing_nock/'
       
+ '8b787a6a1c2476ef9a2eed069e000ff0'
     
, date: 'Thu, 01 Dec 2011 17:43:31 GMT'
     
, 'content-type': 'application/json'
     
, 'content-length': '95'
     
, 'cache-control': 'must-revalidate' });

  test
('Insert a Document Into CouchDB', function(t) {
    t
.plan(4);
    nano
.db.create('testing_nock', function () {
      db
.insert({foo: "bar"},
       
function ensure_insert_worked_cb(err, doc) {
          t
.notOk(err, 'No errors');
          t
.ok(doc.ok, 'Contains ok');
          t
.ok(doc.rev, 'Rev exists');
          t
.ok(doc.id, 'Id exists');
       
});
   
});
 
});

All working, happy nocking! :)

  $ node test.js 
 
# Insert a Document Into CouchDB
  ok
1 No errors
  ok
2 Contains ok
  ok
3 Rev exists
  ok
4 Id exists

 
1..4
 
# tests 4
 
# pass  4

 
# ok

For the inquisitive types this is how nock intercepts the http requests: Nock uses the the fact that node caches modules that you require and overrides the behavior of the default HTTP request in node. So any request you do will be filtered by Nock. Check out the source code if you want to see more details.


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